With around 8.5 million people in Saigon the city will soon join the ranks of the world’s megacities. I wrote about the changing face of Saigon in 2015 which summarised the changes to the city. Much has happened over the last two years so here is an update on the changes – good and bad – of Saigon.
[The soon-to-be megacity of Saigon.]
There are six metro lines planned, and some others that have been proposed but not made official. Of these, two lines have officially begun, which is the same status as two years ago.
Line 1 of the HCMC Metro is behind schedule but making progress. Outside of District 1, you can see the line above ground, and some of the station shells have been completed.
[Metro construction in District 2.]
Line 1 is underground in district 1 so it’s hard to gauge the progress. The biggest disruption to the city has now commenced with the closure of the iconic Ben Thanh roundabout. This is the central point of the city, and it will be the biggest station.
I’ve seen many comments of people upset that this roundabout has closed. I’m happy to see it go. A roundabout is not a heritage site, and this section of road is so pedestrian-hostile that a redesigned pedestrian area would be a welcome change.
[The roundabout before it closed.]
To build this central station some trees had to be cut down as well. Ironically the trees were in a park that replaced the original train station of Saigon before it was moved further out of town.
Most subway systems around the world have delays and cost blowouts on their first line, so this isn’t all that unusual. What would be helpful though would be an official metro website with regular updates and photos. There is no official map either, so finding out exactly where the future metro lines will go isn’t known. There are two maps in circulation with the 6 lines. This one is on the Ho Chi Minh City Metro Wiki page.
Another map by a map enthusiast has the 6 lines plus other proposed tramways and extensions.
Each map has different interchanges so who knows which is the correct one.
So far there are only updates from the construction company, which offers little in the way of maps and station information.
The most useful roundup has been this update on Saigon’s subway construction from May, 2016.
Lost heritage buildings
The heritage buildings that were listed as endangered in my 2015 post are still standing, while other buildings have been lost.
The sentimental favourite of the city was the Tax Trade Centre. This building had so many changes over the years that at the end of its life it didn’t look like a heritage building. The interior had a beautiful stairway with mosaics and the shops were eclectic and from an era that cannot be replicated.
After being closed for the last two years it was finally demolished to make way for a hotel and mall development.
At the other end of the Tax Centre block was a row of colonial-era shophouses.
The buildings on the corner of Pasteur and Le Loi have now been demolished as part of the same redevelopment.
Great cities have layers of interesting architecture from every generation of its existence. One of the more unusual items was this wall of pigeon cases which had a tree growing on it like the Ta Phrom temple at Angkor Wat.
This was behind the row of old shophouses, so it too has gone.
Ba Son Shipyards
[Ba Son redevelopment.]
Another loss was the Ba Son shipyards, which I never got to see due to it being military property. There were some old warehouses along the river which would have made for a great space for markets and food courts, like Asiatique in Bangkok. Instead it has been knocked down and some generic glass towers will stand in its place.
Fake old buildings replacing actual old buildings
One of the saddest heritage losses was an art deco office and apartment block on Dong Khoi. I didn’t know it was being demolished so I never got any photos of it.
In its place is an extension of the historic city hall. If you are new to the city you may not notice that this is a new building as it blends in with the old.
[City Hall extension.]
This building was just a hole in the ground two years ago. Now it has topped out and is advertising for tenants. The ground level was opened last year with a mall featuring the Japanese department store Takashimaya.
The Landmark 81 tower is under construction with the base floors now protruding out of the ground. At 461.2 metres it will become the tallest tower in Southeast Asia, eclipsing the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 20 centimetres (in your face, KL!). The glory will be short-lived though, with KL set to retake the crown with the Merdeka 118 tower. They are not taking any chances with losing the crown again in a hurry, as this will be 630 metres (in YOUR face, Saigon!).
[Landmark 81, as viewed from a bus crossing the river.]
Saigon Jewelry Center (SJC) tower
[Saigon Jewelry Center block.]
Opposite Saigon Centre is the Saigon Jewelry Center project, which will be 54 floors. This was a car park for years and then construction equipment moved in. No sooner had it began, the equipment disappeared overnight, so who knows what is happening here. I know this because there is a great Bun Thit Nuong street food stand here, which I eat at every week.
Spirit of Saigon
[Spirit of Saigon dragon towers.]
Even though Saigon was renamed to Ho Chi Minh City in 1976, the name lives on in plenty of buildings – old and new. This project was originally called 1HCMC and now it is called the Spirit of Saigon.
This is arguably the most prime block of land in Saigon, opposite Ben Thanh market and what will be the biggest interchange on the HCMC Metro. This project stalled when the Ritz-Carlton pulled out as the main hotel.
The 55 and 48 level towers represent dragons, each with a figurative pearl in its mouth. The dragons are from Vietnamese mythology, and the pearls represent the city’s fame as the “Pearl of the Orient”, which people really need to stop saying as the city lost that title long ago.
At the time of this post, the foundations were finished, and work on the ground level was beginning.
[Spirit of Saigon basement construction.]
Saigon One Tower
[Saigon One Tower still covered with orange construction nets.]
There are numerous abandoned projects scattered across the city, with the most prominent of those being the Saigon One Tower. In my 2015 update I had this listed as the SEABank Tower, though as usual there is little information about the status of this building. I compare this to Bangkok’s ghost tower, which is also an abandoned riverfront project.
Thu Thiem New Urban Area – The Pudong of Saigon
Development has been continually launched and stalled here but at the moment it’s still mostly all quiet on the riverfront. One of the projects is the Empire City Tower, which would be a metre higher than Landmark 81. This was meant to start in late 2015. Also planned is the Thu Thiem 2 Bridge and a pedestrian bridge.
[Two new bridges (and shiny blue water) for the Saigon river.]
This area sounds similar to Pudong, which is on the other side of the river of historic Shanghai (also once known as the Pearl of the Orient). Pudong was farmland until it became a Special Economic Zone in 1993. Now it has one of the world’s most spectacular skylines.
[Pudong skyline – future Saigon?]
So that is a small overview of some things that are going on in Saigon. Hopefully, I do another update in two years and tell you about riding on the first metro line.